In the 8th century B.C., Egypt was conquered by a mighty nation to the south.
When we think of ancient history we often times automatically think of the civilizations of Egypt, Greece and Rome as they have been imbedded in our memory since elementary school. However, there existed a great, powerful nation along the banks of the Nile that until recently has been largely overlooked. Fortunately, Egyptologists such as Peter Lacovara have made a career of telling the story of a land once forgotten through exhaustive research and on site excavations in the Nile Valley.
The kingdom of Nubia, which lay to the south of Egypt in present day Sudan, was once home to a culture that rivaled its more famous northern neighbor and even conquered it for nearly 100 years. This civilization was known by several different names at various times of existence namely Kush, Ethiopia and Nubia. The word nubia is derived from the Egyptian word for gold as it was known to have tremendous amounts of this precious metal and was much sought after by other nations via trade and or conquest. The article entitled Ancient Kingdoms of Africa, provided a good, simple overview of this sometimes tenuous relationship.
This abundant wealth helped develop Nubia into a powerful entity to the south of Egypt and often led to war between the two nations and more often than not Egypt was the victor. However, because of the vastness of the Egyptian empire and rulers who would often neglect their duties of maintaining order and security, Egypt at times became weakened and vulnerable to conquest.
This is precisely what happened during the 8th century B.C. when the Nubian army led by King Piye, conquered Egypt and effectively governed both nations as one with a succession of Nubian pharaohs for nearly 100 years. With the recent discoveries of several Nubian artifacts in both Nubia and Egypt, the power and prestige of this dynasty of rulers has become abundantly clear.